While there is a large body of evidence on the effectiveness of Pap smears for cervical cancer screening and on screening for cervical gonorrhea and Chlamydia, there is sparse evidence to support other portions of the pelvic examination and little guidance on examination logistics.
The ubiquitous gyno tool is probably your least-favorite thing that goes in your vagina—so how did it get there?
14 Women Sound Off About Their Worst Trip to the Gynecologist
Psychological Harms of Pelvic Exams
This includes including vaginitis checks, pap smears, bimanual exams, IUD insertions or removals, rule out rupture of membranes in triage, cervical exams in labor… you name it! Painful Cervical Exams in Labor.
The Challenging Pelvic Examination
The Secret History of the Speculum
Empowering Gynecologic Exams: Speculum Care Without Stirrups
The forgotten Sims position
Everyday Health Healthy Living.
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